Chubushnik: cultivation, reproduction, types and varieties

Chubushnik: cultivation, reproduction, types and varieties

Garden plants

Plant chubushnik (Latin Philadelphus), or garden jasmine, belongs to the genus of deciduous and semi-deciduous shrubs of the Hortensia family. We used to call the mock-orange flower jasmine because of the characteristic sweetish aroma and the similarity of the flowers of these two plants. The Latin name Philadelphus chubushnik was given in honor of the king of Egypt, Ptolemy Philadelphus, and it is called chubushnik because chubuki and pipe nozzles were made of its strong wood with a soft core.
In the wild, the chubushnik shrub is common in North America, Europe and East Asia. According to various sources, in nature, there are from 50 to 70 species of chubushnik, and a large number of varieties of this plant have been cultivated.

Planting and caring for a chubushnik

  • Landing: from mid-September to mid-October, but if necessary, you can also in the spring, until the buds swell.
  • Bloom: from late May to late July.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight
  • The soil: permeable, light and fertile soil.
  • Watering: once a week, consuming 2-3 buckets of water for each plant. During the flowering period, watering is carried out almost every day.
  • Top dressing: in spring - a bucket of slurry (1:10) under each bush, after flowering, wood ash is scattered in the trunk circle, and then watering is carried out. Mineral fertilizers can be applied only from the fourth year of the life of the chubushnik, and nitrogen fertilizers - only in the spring.
  • Cropping: in the fall - sanitary, in the spring - sanitary and formative.
  • Reproduction: seeds, cuttings, layering and dividing the bush.
  • Pests: bean aphids, green leaf weevils, hawthorns, click beetles, spider mites.
  • Diseases: gray rot, septoria.

Read more about growing chubushnik below.

Botanical description

Numerous trunks of all shrubs of this genus are covered with a thin gray bark. In young shoots, the bark is mostly brown, flaking. The wood of the chubushnik is hard, the core is wide. Simple leaves are from 2 to 7 cm long, depending on the species, elongated, ovate or broadly ovate. Usually fragrant, simple, semi-double or double chubushnik flowers, collected in a brush, are formed at the ends of young shoots. The fruit of the chubushnik is a three-pentahedral box with small seeds.

Chubushnik garden winter-hardy, however, each type of plant, depending on the climatic conditions of the growing area, behaves differently. Nevertheless, even if the chubushnik bush suffers greatly from frost in a harsh winter, only its ground part will die, and if you cut it off in the spring, then, thanks to the powerful root system of the plant, the chubushnik will grow back very quickly and restore its decorative effect.

Chubushnik planting

When to plant

Chubushnik is planted in open sunny areas, where it will bloom and savor luxuriantly. In the shade, the flowers of the shrub bloom small, and the shoots are too stretched. The optimal composition of the soil for the chubushnik is humus, sand and leafy earth in a ratio of 1: 2: 3, and if the soil on the site does not have good water permeability, then a drainage layer is added to the pit during planting.

It is better to plant a mock-orange in the fall, from mid-September to mid-October. You can plant a mock-orange in the spring, but planting a mock-orange in spring is complicated by the fact that you need to have time to do this until the buds open on the trees.

How to plant

If you are planting several bushes, then dig holes at a distance of 50 to 150 cm, depending on how the adult plant will be. If you decide to plant a chubushnik hedge, then the seedlings are planted at a distance of 50-70 cm from each other. A drainage layer of broken brick and sand 15 cm thick is poured into a hole measuring 60x60x60, then a layer of soil mixture, the composition of which is described in the previous section. It is advisable to do this a week or two before planting the mock-orange.

When the soil settles, the root of the seedling is immersed in the hole so that its root collar is flush with the surface of the site, then the hole is covered with fertile soil. After planting, the chubushnik seedlings are abundantly moistened, pouring 2-3 buckets of water under each. When the soil has settled after watering, add dry soil to the holes. It does not matter if, after settling, the root collar sinks into the soil by 3 cm, however, this is the maximum safe depth - if the root collar is deeper, its decay is possible.

A day or two after planting, mulch the near-stem circle of the seedling with peat or sawdust with a layer of 3-4 cm.

Chubushnik care

Growing conditions

If the plant lacks moisture, its leaves will tell you about it. Chubushniks do not tolerate drought well, and in the hottest season of summer, their leaves lose their turgor and hang without sufficient watering. It is recommended to water the chubushnik weekly with two or three buckets of water, and during the flowering period, watering will have to be done almost daily. After moistening the soil on the site, you need to loosen the soil around the bushes and remove weeds. We remind you: if you mulched the site in the spring, then you will have to water, loosen and weed the soil much less often.

As for the nutrition of the chubushnik, it responds best of all to the introduction of slurry (in a ratio of 1:10) - one bucket of this fertilizer is poured once a year under each adult chubushnik bush, and it is advisable to do this in the spring. After flowering, the chubushnik is fertilized with wood ash, scattering it around the trunk circle before watering. From the fourth year of life, you can carry out spring feeding with complex mineral fertilizers at the rate of 30 g of superphosphate, 15 g of urea and the same amount of potassium sulfate per bucket of water, which should be enough for two adult bush.

After flowering, 15 g of potassium sulfate and 25 g of superphosphate are introduced on 1 m² of the plot. Potassium can be replaced by sprinkling 100-150 g of wood ash under each bush. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied only in spring.

Pruning

If you want to see the lush flowering of the mock-orange every year, it must be cut regularly. The peculiarity of the plant is that only strong shoots of the last year bloom profusely, and if flowers appear on thin and weak old branches, then in much smaller quantities, and the bush looks disheveled because of this. Therefore, after the chubushnik has faded, it is necessary to cut off the faded branches to the strong shoots of this year, which are located below.

Note: after a while, the young growths of this year become more powerful, which means that next year one can expect abundant flowering from them.

Pruning a mock orange in the fall also provides for sanitary clearing of the shrub: branches and shoots thickening the crown, as well as dry, painful or broken ones, are removed. Remove shoots that are over 12 years old every three years. Rejuvenating pruning is done in early spring: several trunks are shortened to 30 cm, the rest are cut to soil level. The sections are treated with garden pitch, the soil around the shrub is mulched with peat. By autumn, strong young shoots will grow from dormant buds. But before you cut the chubushnik, make sure that the sap flow has not yet begun.

Transfer

Chubushnik tolerates a transplant easily, especially if you take this procedure responsibly, but you will have to sacrifice its lush crown and thereby lose the year of flowering. First you need to prepare a hole for the bush - two weeks before transplanting, so that the earth settles. Then you need to water the bush that you are going to transplant abundantly, in a day, remove half of the old shoots under the root, and shorten the rest. Now you can dig out the bush and move it to a new place, not forgetting to water thoroughly after transplanting.

The timing when you can transplant the mock-orange coincides with the timing of its initial planting - from mid-September to mid-October or in the spring, while the buds have not yet opened. However, transplanting a mock-orange in the fall is much more convenient in the sense that you are not running out of time, which means that you can do this work better.

Pests and diseases

Among the few enemies of the chubushnik are bean aphids, spider mites and green leaf weevils. Aphids are destroyed by processing the bushes with Karbofos or Rogor in accordance with the instructions.

In the fight against spider mites, such means as a three percent Keltan emulsion or a two percent Phosphamide solution have proven themselves well, which are used to treat mock-orange bushes two to three times at intervals of a week. And weevil larvae and beetles die from spraying with Chlorophos.

Chubushnik in Siberia and in the Moscow region

Readers often ask questions, which chubushnik is more suitable for the Moscow region and whether it is possible to grow this plant in Siberia. Chubushnik is not at all a capricious plant, moreover, it is frost-resistant, therefore there are no big differences in the conditions of its cultivation in the southern regions or in the Moscow region. As far as Siberia is concerned, there are winter-hardy varieties of mock-orange corona with a viable root system that can withstand frosts down to -35 ºC without shelter! And if you take into account that there is always a lot of snow in Siberia, you can not worry about the wintering of less hardy species and varieties.

Reproduction of chubushnik

Reproduction methods

Planting and caring for a chubushnik is simple and not burdensome, and the methods of breeding garden jasmine will not seem complicated to you either. Chubushnik reproduces generatively (by seeds) and vegetatively - by dividing the bush, cuttings and layering. And although reproduction by seeds in the case of a mock-orange is much easier than with other plants, varietal mock-mushrooms are propagated vegetatively, since seedlings do not always inherit the traits of their parents.

Growing from seeds

Before sowing, mock-orange seeds require two-month stratification at a temperature of 2-3 ºC. To do this, in January, they are mixed with wet sand and peat, placed in a container and kept in a vegetable box of the refrigerator until spring.

In March, seeds are sown in boxes filled with a soil mixture of leafy earth, humus and peat in a ratio of 1: 1: 2 with the addition of half a part of sand, sprinkled with sand on top and covered with glass. The soil is kept in a slightly moist state, using a sprayer for irrigation - you will have to spray the crops two to three times a day. After a week and a half, expect shoots and, as soon as they develop several leaves, transplant the seedlings into open ground, having built a sun protection for them for the first time.

Propagation by green cuttings

This method of reproduction is the most reliable, since it gives one hundred percent rooting. Cuttings are cut from developed large shoots, however, one should not take for this growth shoots with a wide hollow core and a large distance between the buds, since there is a high probability of the development of putrefactive processes in these cavities.

The best planting material is green cuttings with a heel - annual shoots with part of last year's shoot. The cut of the cutting with the heel is treated with a root-forming preparation, planted in containers with a mixture of nutrient soil and sand to a depth of 0.5 cm according to the 40x10 scheme, covered with a polyethylene or glass cap to create greenhouse conditions and placed under diffused light. During rooting, cuttings need frequent spraying.

Reproduction by layering

Chubushnik layering is formed easily, the percentage of their rooting rate is also very high - 50-70%. It is best to propagate the chubushnik by layering after rejuvenating pruning, when the bush is cut at a height of 5-7 cm from the surface level. The soil around the bush is dug up, fertilized and leveled.

A young shoot near the lower bud is pulled with a soft wire, placed in a previously dug groove 1.5 cm deep, secured and instilled. In this way, several shoots can be diverted from one bush, arranging them radially, and by the end of the growing season you will have several plants with a powerful root system. The following spring, they are separated from the mother plant, dug up and grown for another two years.

Dividing the bush

In the spring, before the start of sap flow or in the fall after leaf fall, the overgrown mock-orange is dug up, divided into several parts and quickly seated in new places so that the delenki do not have time to dry out. During the division of the bush, old branches thickening the bush are removed, and young shoots are dug up.

Garden chubushnik in winter

Autumn works

In autumn, after flowering, the chubushnik is subjected to sanitary and thinning pruning, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are introduced into the soil, and the soil around the bush is mulched with a thick layer of peat or sawdust.

Wintering chubushnik

Chubushnik hibernates without shelter, and although severe frosts sometimes damage the tops of young shoots, in the spring, after pruning, the chubushnik starts growing with renewed vigor. In winter, no care is required for the chubushnik.

Types and varieties

In culture, several types of chubushnik and many varieties bred by breeders are grown.

Common mock-orange, or pale (Philadelphus pallidus)

Originally from the south of Western Europe and the Caucasus. It is this species that is the first of the chubushniks to bloom in the Moscow region. The height of the common chubushnik can reach 3 m, its shoots are erect, naked. Leaves up to 8 cm long are simple, oblong, elliptical, with sparse serrations along the edges and a pointed tip; the upper side of the leaf is glabrous, bright green, the lower side is pubescent, pale green. White-cream flowers up to 3 cm in diameter with a strong pleasant aroma are collected in 5-7 pieces in racemose inflorescences.

The species is winter-hardy and can withstand temperatures down to -25 ºC. It has several decorative forms: golden, large-flowered, double, silver-bordered, willow and low. Of the varieties more popular than others:

  • chubushnik virginal - a variety created by Lemoine in 1909, with a height of 2 to 3 m, with a wide crown, brown shoots and peeling bark. Leaves up to 7 cm long, pointed, oval, dark green, yellow in autumn. Blooms in July in racemose inflorescences up to 14 cm long from white double flowers up to 5 cm in diameter. The decorativeness of this variety lasts up to 20 years;
  • chubushnik Belle Etual - the main achievement of Emile Lemoine as a breeder. In our conditions, a bush of this variety rarely grows above a meter, although in France it grows one and a half times higher. The leaves of this variety have a drawn-out tip, small; flowers with a strawberry aroma, simple, bell-shaped, with a large carmine spot in the middle, reaching a diameter of 4 cm;
  • chubushnik Bicolor - has single flowers, crowning the lateral axillary shoot and reaching a diameter of 5 cm. The bush is fluffy, up to 2 m high. This variety is often used in landscaping.

Crown mock-orange (Philadelphus coronarius)

South European species up to 3 m high, naturally occurring in the Caucasus, Asia Minor and southern Europe. It has yellowish to reddish-brown young shoots with cracked bark and dense foliage. Leaves are opposite, oval, with sparse teeth along the edges, petiolate, glabrous on the upper side of the plate, pubescent on the lower veins. Fragrant creamy flowers up to 5 cm in diameter are collected in racemose terminal inflorescences of 5-7 pieces. This species blooms for up to three weeks.

Smoke-, gas-, cold-resistant - withstands frosts down to -25 ºC. The best varieties:

  • Aureus - a fast-growing shrub 2-3 m high with a spherical crown of bright yellow leaves, which turn yellow-green by summer and remain so until the leaves fall. Numerous flowers against the background of leaves are almost indistinguishable, but the fact that the bush has bloomed can be determined even from afar by its amazing aroma. The value of the variety is represented by a chubushnik leaf of an unusual color and a strong aroma of its flowers;
  • Variegatus, or Bowles Variety - shrub up to 3 m high with a creamy wide irregular strip along the edges of the leaves;
  • Innosens - a compact, medium-sized shrub - no higher than 2 m - with single white simple flowers and a strong aroma. Leaves with irregular cream spots.

Chubushnik Lemoine (Philadelphus x lemoinei)

Hybrid between small-leaved mock-orange and common mock-orange. In culture, it is widely distributed in Europe and North America. This species reaches a height of 3 m, it has spreading branches with ovoid lanceolate leaves up to 4 cm long and large white fragrant flowers collected in clusters of 3-7 pieces. This hybrid has many varieties that have gained widespread popularity among professionals and amateurs:

  • Ermine Mantle (Manteau d'Ermin) - a bush no higher than 1 m with graceful semi-double white flowers, blooming profusely for up to one and a half months;
  • chubushnik Shneersturm - this is a girlish mock-orange with fragrant white flowers with a diameter of 2-2.5 cm, collected in a brush; leaves are large, dark green, yellowing in autumn. Bush up to 2 m high;
  • Glacier - Terry mock orange with bunches of large fragrant white flowers blooming for about three weeks; bush up to 2 m high;
  • Charm - one of the most beautiful chubushniki: densely double large snow-white flowers, almost odorless, collected in inflorescences of 9 or more pieces on a bush up to 2 m high.The disadvantage of this variety is that its lower part is bare, therefore, to restore its decorativeness, professionals recommend planting a stunted shrub in front of it;
  • chubushnik Snowstorm - bush up to 2 m high; double white flowers are collected in inflorescences of 7-9 pieces and bloom profusely for about three weeks.

In addition to the species described, Schrenk's, Gordon's chubushniki are grown in culture, broad-leaved, thin-leaved, grayish, fluffy, odorless, small-leaved, large-flowered and Caucasian.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Hydrangea
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Garden Plants
  6. Information on Perennial Plants
  7. Shrub Information

Sections: Garden plants Perennials Flowering Shrubs Honey plants Plants for H Hydrangea


Chubushnik Lemoine: rules for growing a shrub

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Chubushnik

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Shrub description

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Cultivation of Lemoine's mock-orange

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Care and application

Chubushnik is an ornamental shrub that is valued for its beautiful flowers and strong pleasant aroma. Another name is garden jasmine. It differs from real jasmine, which is usually grown indoors. In the wild, it is distributed throughout Europe, North America and Africa, East Asia. It is appreciated for its strong pleasant aroma and beautiful flowers.


Description of chubushnik

Chubushnik belongs to the genus of semi-leafy bush plants of the Hortensiev family. Gardeners often call the mock-orange jasmine because of its sweet smell and strong resemblance to this bush. In Latin, chubushnik sounds like philadelphus - this is due to the fact that it was named after the Egyptian king Ptolemy Philadelphus. The popular name "chubushnik" appeared due to the fact that shanks were made from the wood of this plant, as well as mouthpieces for smoking pipes. In the natural environment, this bush can be seen in East Asia and European countries. It has about 70 varieties.

The shrub is an ornamental plant up to 2 m high. The leaves are dark green saturated color, the back side has a slight hairiness, oval shape with a pointed end. Attaches to a branch on short petioles, leaf edges have teeth. Flowering begins in early summer and continues for several weeks. It blooms with snow-white four-petal flowers, inside which are yellow stamens. Flowers form racemose inflorescences and stick to long peduncles. In the evening, the scent of flowers is greatly enhanced and spreads over a vast area.

Due to its popularity and unpretentiousness in cultivation, breeders have bred different types and varieties of mock-orange, which differ from each other in the shape, size and color of flowers and leaves, as well as the conditions for their cultivation. The more exotic the shrub looks, the worse it tolerates low temperatures. Varieties with double flowers die in a frost of -15 degrees. Therefore, when choosing a variety, give preference to those that will feel good in your climatic zone.


Types of chubushnik

There are about 60 types of chubushnik. They differ in aroma and slightly in appearance. Some varieties smell like citrus or strawberries.

Common chubushnik

A classic upright branched chubushnik with graceful three-meter shoots. Leaves are simple, oval, medium in size. Loose brushes with delicate creamy flowers appear on the shoots. Like the whole variety, they are small and elegant.

Crown mock

This is a frost-hardy spreading three-meter shrub. His homeland is the southern regions and Asia Minor. Shoots are flexible, long and branched. The bark has an unusual reddish or yellowish tint. Oval dense leaves are opposite. Outside, they are smooth, and slightly pubescent on the back. Flowers - about 5 cm in diameter, delicate cream shade, in large and loose clusters.

The flowering period begins towards the end of spring and lasts up to 3 weeks. The crown mock-orange tolerates winters down to -25C. Interesting subspecies are golden Aureus, wide and dark Variegata with bordered leaves and spreading Innosens with rare flowering and decorative marble patterns on leaf plates. Such a chubushnik lives up to 30 years.

Chubushnik hybrid

The extensive breeding category includes dozens of decorative varieties and their interspecific combinations. For example, compact colorful Moonlight, sprawling Majori, graceful Elbrus, slender Snowflake, tall weeping Shneesturm and others.

Small-leaved chubushnik

It is a dwarf, undersized shrub that resembles a miniature cherry when it blooms. In season, fragrant flowers with a strawberry scent completely cover the entire bush.

Fluffy chubushnik

This variety gets its name from its light, airy bottom sheets. Large and neat calyx flowers have almost no smell. But large inflorescences of 5-10 buds are very decorative. A tall bush grows up to 3 m. Flowering begins in the height of summer.

Odorless chubushnik

The bush with large green four-meter shoots and large leaves is odorless even during the flowering period, as indicated by the name of the variety. But it is beautiful and decorative, with large white flowers, 5 buds per brush. The length of the leaves on the shoots, on which no buds grow, sometimes reaches 12 cm. This variety is notable for its width. The flowering period begins towards the end of June and lasts almost until August.

Shrenk's chubushnik

His homeland is the Far East, China and Korea. The main feature is early flowering. It is one of the first to bloom in mid-latitudes. The oval, tapered leaves resemble an egg. Delicate fragrant flowers reach 4 cm. The inflorescence has an average of 9 buds. The flowering period lasts from June and lasts 3-4 weeks.

Chubushnik Lemoine

This is a hybrid that includes several dozen subspecies. They are united by a rich sweet smell. Bushes grow into dense thickets of three meters. Small and bright leaves are diluted with fragrant flowers. Of the most famous species - frost-resistant terry mock-orange, thick and compact Mont Blanc, fluffy Snowbelle bell, flexible and spreading Virgin, fluffy decorative Bicolor and luxurious Ermine mantle.

Chubushnik Gordon

It is one of the tallest varieties, which grows up to 5-6 m under favorable conditions. It has large glossy leaves and large snow-white flowers, which make it also one of the most decorative varieties. The scent is almost indistinguishable. The flowering period begins towards the end of June.

Breeding varieties

The number of artificially bred ornamental mock-mushrooms is almost unlimited. These are high airborne assault forces, snow-white Arctic, miniature Unusual, original Ballet of Moths, graceful Pearls and others.


Reproduction of chubushnik by layering

An easy and convenient way to propagate garden jasmine, especially if you need a small number of new plants. The method is widely practiced for plant propagation throughout the world.

  1. In April - May, on the most developed shoots under the first bud, pull the stem with copper wire or cut it a little and treat it with a stimulant.
    Tilt and place the shoot in a hole 6-10 cm deep and cover it with garden soil on top, and tie the top to a peg.
  2. Water the cuttings regularly and spud them as the shoots grow. Cover the shoots with compost or peat for the winter.
  3. The next fall, the layers can be separated from the bush and planted in a permanent place in the garden, observing all planting rules.

  • It is very convenient to propagate garden jasmine by layering after rejuvenating pruning in early spring, when a large number of young shoots appear over time.
  • Some experts advise separating and replanting cuttings in the first year in October or spring. We believe that you can take your time so that the root system of the young garden jasmine develops better.


Reproduction methods

In total, there are 4 options for how to propagate a chubushnik.

Propagation by cuttings

The most common way, due to its reliability. This is explained by good rooting of cuttings. Chubushnik reproduces equally well with both green and lignified cuttings.

If you choose propagation by green cuttings, then in this case, the cutting of the shoots is carried out in mid-June.

For the spring reproduction of the chubushnik, the material is harvested in the fall. To do this, lignified annual shoots are cut, wrapped in film and stored in a cool place. This could be the cellar or the bottom section of the refrigerator.

In mid-March, shoots are taken out of a cool place and cut into cuttings so that 3-4 buds remain on each cuttings. The length of the cuttings in this case will be about 15-20 cm. The upper cut is made straight and 1 cm above the kidney, and the lower one - at an angle of 45 degrees and under the kidney. Then the cuttings are placed for a day in a solution that stimulates the formation of roots.

Cuttings prepared in this way are planted at an angle in a loose substrate, which should consist of a mixture of peat and sand in a 1: 1 ratio. To increase air humidity, it is recommended to spray the plantings with water, and then cover with the top of a plastic bottle. The bottle cap is removed for ventilation.

After planting, the cuttings are regularly sprayed and watered. Within 5 weeks, the cuttings will fully root and in mid to late May will be ready for open field transplanting.

Reproduction by layering

During the period of vegetative growth, young shoots, before the appearance of leaves on them, must be pressed to the ground and a wire bundle must be applied at a distance of one centimeter above the lower bud. Over time, the stem will thicken and roots will appear on it. At this moment, the stem is carefully sprinkled with a layer of fertile soil. After the shoot has taken root, it must be spud and watered. It is best to plant a young bush in the fall on a temporary bed, and when it gets stronger, after a year or two, plant it in a permanent place.

Reproduction using seeds

This process is longer than previously described. When grown from seed, jasmine will bloom no earlier than 5 years after planting.

The optimal time for sowing seeds is November or March. In the spring planting method, the seeds must be placed in a solution for 3 hours, which will stimulate their growth. After that, the seeds are placed in a bag, which is stored in sawdust for two to three days. Next, the seeds are sown in a container with moistened soil, which includes sand, peat chips and humus in equal proportions. Sprinkle the seeds on top with a thin layer of peat and re-moisten.

Reproduction by dividing the root system

This method is not suitable for propagation of large chubushnik shrubs, but ideal for young plants. To do this, the bush is carefully dug up and excess clods of earth are removed from the roots. The best time to use this breeding method is October.


Chubushnik or garden jasmine: care, planting and reproduction

In the southern regions, you can find two-colored varieties of chubushnik, whose flowers are covered with purple specks. Different types of chubushniks bloom at different times, and by planting several plants in your garden, you can enjoy their flowering and aroma all summer.

In our gardens, the most popular are crown chubushniks, which we often call garden jasmine, a winter-hardy shrub that grows on any soil, very decorative, reaches a height of up to three meters, but a low-growing variety has also been bred, not exceeding 60 centimeters in height, round, very compact indispensable in small gardens. When creating your garden, it is impossible to do without this beautiful fragrant plant.

Chubushniks are propagated by root suckers, layering, cuttings, green and lignified, which root very well.

For the sludge, rather large pits are needed, at least 50 centimeters in diameter. When planting, be sure to take into account the size of an adult bush, all chubushniks are spread out, so when planting in groups, leave enough space for the bush so that in the future it does not shade undersized plants living nearby.

Chubushniki do not like stagnant water, so provide a drainage layer at the bottom of the pit. The pits are filled with fertile soil. When planting, make sure that the root collar does not deepen more than 3 centimeters.

Reproduction by layering
In the spring, you can propagate the bush by layering, for which a strong lignified branch is tilted and laid in a groove, covered with earth and secured with a wire hairpin. During the season, the layers are watered several times, spud, and in the fall, young shoots are separated and planted in a permanent place.
This is a good proven method in which plants develop quickly and take root well.

Propagation by cuttings
If you need to multiply garden jasmine in large quantities, it is best to do it with green cuttings, which are cut in the month of June. Inflorescences and lower leaves on cuttings must be removed, leaving one internode and no more than three pairs of leaves.

Cuttings root well in boxes in a mixture of sand and peat. Cuttings are inserted at an angle, covered with foil and the container is placed in a bright, warm place. Cuttings require regular spraying; after rooting, they are transplanted into open ground for growing.

Reproduction by dividing the bush
In autumn in October, you can divide an adult bush to get new planting material as early as possible. To do this, the bush is dug up and parts of the bush are carefully separated from it along with the basal shoots. This method is good if the plant is still young enough and it will not be difficult to dig it up.

Chubushnik - care
Chubushniks are drought-resistant, prefer bright sunny areas and well-drained soil, tolerate light shading, but in this case they do not bloom so abundantly. In dry summers, they require abundant watering, otherwise the branches wither, losing their decorative effect. In winter, in very severe frosts, they can freeze slightly, but over the summer they completely recover.

In the spring, chubushniki are fertilized with a full complex fertilizer or organic fertilizer, adding a bucket of humus under each bush. In autumn, potash - phosphorus fertilizers are applied to the bushes.

Chubushnik bushes grow and thicken very quickly, therefore, they require mandatory pruning after flowering. Remove old, faded, damaged branches.Old branches are cut every 2 to 3 years, leaving strong basal shoots and cutting out weak ones to the level of the soil. Sanitary pruning can be done during the entire growing season, and very old bushes are recommended to be rejuvenated by pruning them on a stump in spring, leaving only a part of young strong shoots that will bloom this summer.

It is difficult to imagine a garden without fragrant garden jasmine. Chubushniki look good both in single and in group plantings with other shrubs, for example, with volzhanka, with spireas, they can be used as a hedge, which is incredibly beautiful.

Soon our jasmine will bloom, and for a long time it will delight us with its snow-white flowers and delicate aroma.


Watch the video: Asexual Reproduction. How Do Organisms Reproduce. Chapter 8. CBSE Class 10. Science. Biology